Hair Loss is one of the most grueling question being faced by large percentage of men & women world-wide. Many organizations, scientists, doctors are working relentlessly to identify all plausible reasons and treat hair loss.
Usually people do not become serious about hair loss till baldness sets in. But once the skin becomes visible through the hair, the person begins to panic. By this time, more than 50% of hair is already lost and the person begins to:
- withdraw from the society
- lose confidence
- feel embarrassed and show low self-esteem
Generally, people lose between 50 to 100 strands of hair everyday, which is normal and not a cause for worry. But if the count is more, then it is certainly an alarming signal. Hair is made up of a protein, known as keratin. Hair consists of a hair shaft (which is visible on the scalp) and root (which is underneath the scalp) that is responsible for the growth of hair.
It is not only adults who lose hair, but in some cases, teenagers too lose hair.
Losing hair in adolescence means there is deficiency of essential nutrients and proteins in the diet. Some medication and treatments like chemotherapy are also responsible for hair loss. Other causes are chemicals in products that people use to look good such as hair gels and hair dyes, conditioners, moisturizers.
With no damage to underlying skin (also called as Non-Cicatricial Alopecia)
- Physiologically normally seen
- Infants or newborns Alopecia areata or patchy loss of hair Telogen Effluvium or diffuse hair loss Infections: Bacterial, viral or fungal Intake of medicines / chemicals eg Anticancer drugs, high doses of vitamin-A Self induced physical trauma (also called as Trichotillomania) – seen in depression Compulsive scratching of scalp Hormonal disturbances – thyroid disorders, diabetes, menstrual disturbances, etc. Physical agents – overuse of parlour procedures such as straightening, blow drying
- Tight styling of hair as in tight buns or knots or pulling
With damage to underlying skin (also known as Cicatricial Alopecia)
- Physical trauma eg bums or x-ray overdose (normally seen).
- Some infectious diseases like TB, leprosy, viral diseases like herpes, etc.
- Chemical injury like acid burns
- Skin diseases like DLE, lichen planus, skin cancers, etc.
- Miscellaneous causes
- Androgenetic alopecia or common Male Pattern Baldness (MPB)
- Unusual genetic disorders